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iterator Class Reference

(QList::iterator)

The QList::iterator class provides an STL-style non-const iterator for QList and QQueue. More...

 #include <QList>

Public Types

typedef iterator_category

Public Functions

iterator ()
iterator ( const iterator & other )
bool operator!= ( const iterator & other ) const
bool operator!= ( const const_iterator & other ) const
T & operator* () const
iterator operator+ ( int j ) const
iterator & operator++ ()
iterator operator++ ( int )
iterator & operator+= ( int j )
iterator operator- ( int j ) const
int operator- ( iterator other ) const
iterator & operator-- ()
iterator operator-- ( int )
iterator & operator-= ( int j )
T * operator-> () const
bool operator< ( const iterator & other ) const
bool operator< ( const const_iterator & other ) const
bool operator<= ( const iterator & other ) const
bool operator<= ( const const_iterator & other ) const
bool operator== ( const iterator & other ) const
bool operator== ( const const_iterator & other ) const
bool operator> ( const iterator & other ) const
bool operator> ( const const_iterator & other ) const
bool operator>= ( const iterator & other ) const
bool operator>= ( const const_iterator & other ) const
T & operator[] ( int j ) const

Detailed Description

The QList::iterator class provides an STL-style non-const iterator for QList and QQueue.

QList features both STL-style iterators and Java-style iterators. The STL-style iterators are more low-level and more cumbersome to use; on the other hand, they are slightly faster and, for developers who already know STL, have the advantage of familiarity.

QList<T>::iterator allows you to iterate over a QList<T> (or QQueue<T>) and to modify the list item associated with the iterator. If you want to iterate over a const QList, use QList::const_iterator instead. It is generally good practice to use QList::const_iterator on a non-const QList as well, unless you need to change the QList through the iterator. Const iterators are slightly faster, and can improve code readability.

The default QList::iterator constructor creates an uninitialized iterator. You must initialize it using a QList function like QList::begin(), QList::end(), or QList::insert() before you can start iterating. Here's a typical loop that prints all the items stored in a list:

 QList<QString> list;
 list.append("January");
 list.append("February");
 ...
 list.append("December");

 QList<QString>::iterator i;
 for (i = list.begin(); i != list.end(); ++i)
     cout << *i << endl;

Let's see a few examples of things we can do with a QList::iterator that we cannot do with a QList::const_iterator. Here's an example that increments every value stored in a QList<int> by 2:

 QList<int>::iterator i;
 for (i = list.begin(); i != list.end(); ++i)
     *i += 2;

Most QList functions accept an integer index rather than an iterator. For that reason, iterators are rarely useful in connection with QList. One place where STL-style iterators do make sense is as arguments to generic algorithms.

For example, here's how to delete all the widgets stored in a QList<QWidget *>:

 QList<QWidget *> list;
 ...
 qDeleteAll(list.begin(), list.end());

Multiple iterators can be used on the same list. However, be aware that any non-const function call performed on the QList will render all existing iterators undefined. If you need to keep iterators over a long period of time, we recommend that you use QLinkedList rather than QList.

See also QList::const_iterator and QMutableListIterator.

Member Type Documentation

typedef iterator::iterator_category

A synonym for std::random_access_iterator_tag indicating this iterator is a random access iterator.

Member Function Documentation

iterator::iterator ()

Constructs an uninitialized iterator.

Functions like operator*() and operator++() should not be called on an uninitialized iterator. Use operator=() to assign a value to it before using it.

See also QList::begin() and QList::end().

iterator::iterator ( const iterator & other )

Constructs a copy of other.

bool iterator::operator!= ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if other points to a different item than this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator==().

bool iterator::operator!= ( const const_iterator & other ) const

Returns true if other points to a different item than this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator==().

T & iterator::operator* () const

Returns a modifiable reference to the current item.

You can change the value of an item by using operator*() on the left side of an assignment, for example:

 if (*it == "Hello")
     *it = "Bonjour";

See also operator->().

iterator iterator::operator+ ( int j ) const

Returns an iterator to the item at j positions forward from this iterator. (If j is negative, the iterator goes backward.)

See also operator-() and operator+=().

iterator & iterator::operator++ ()

The prefix ++ operator (++it) advances the iterator to the next item in the list and returns an iterator to the new current item.

Calling this function on QList::end() leads to undefined results.

See also operator--().

iterator iterator::operator++ ( int )

This is an overloaded function.

The postfix ++ operator (it++) advances the iterator to the next item in the list and returns an iterator to the previously current item.

iterator & iterator::operator+= ( int j )

Advances the iterator by j items. (If j is negative, the iterator goes backward.)

See also operator-=() and operator+().

iterator iterator::operator- ( int j ) const

Returns an iterator to the item at j positions backward from this iterator. (If j is negative, the iterator goes forward.)

See also operator+() and operator-=().

int iterator::operator- ( iterator other ) const

Returns the number of items between the item pointed to by other and the item pointed to by this iterator.

iterator & iterator::operator-- ()

The prefix -- operator (--it) makes the preceding item current and returns an iterator to the new current item.

Calling this function on QList::begin() leads to undefined results.

See also operator++().

iterator iterator::operator-- ( int )

This is an overloaded function.

The postfix -- operator (it--) makes the preceding item current and returns an iterator to the previously current item.

iterator & iterator::operator-= ( int j )

Makes the iterator go back by j items. (If j is negative, the iterator goes forward.)

See also operator+=() and operator-().

T * iterator::operator-> () const

Returns a pointer to the current item.

See also operator*().

bool iterator::operator< ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator< ( const const_iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator<= ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than or equal to the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator<= ( const const_iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is less than or equal to the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator== ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if other points to the same item as this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator!=().

bool iterator::operator== ( const const_iterator & other ) const

Returns true if other points to the same item as this iterator; otherwise returns false.

See also operator!=().

bool iterator::operator> ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater than the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator> ( const const_iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater than the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator>= ( const iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater than or equal to the item pointed to by the other iterator.

bool iterator::operator>= ( const const_iterator & other ) const

Returns true if the item pointed to by this iterator is greater than or equal to the item pointed to by the other iterator.

T & iterator::operator[] ( int j ) const

Returns a modifiable reference to the item at position *this + j.

This function is provided to make QList iterators behave like C++ pointers.

See also operator+().

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